I was searching the web, passing time and I came across a great article posted by Theodoros II and updated on October 9, 2015 entitled: 25 Things We Would Not Have Without Ancient Greece.
It is always exciting when I can learn a little bit more about my heritage as a Greek.
Here is the balance of the list (you can read about the first 12 by clicking here)
The ancient Greeks were the first to use baskets of stones, large sacks filled with sand, and wooden logs filled with lead as anchors. Such anchors held the vessel merely by their weight and by their friction along the bottom. Iron was afterward introduced for the construction of anchors, and an improvement was made by producing them with teeth to fasten themselves to the bottom.
The ancient Greeks were the first people to have showers. Their aqueducts and sewage systems made of lead pipes allowed water to be pumped into and out of large communal shower rooms used by the elite and common citizens alike.
11) Automatic Doors
When you think of an automatic sliding door you probably think it’s a fairly modern thing, but that’s not true. The Greeks invented automatic sliding doors for temples in order to add mystic qualities to them and to assist their polytheistic culture. The first automatic doors worked via compressed air or water.
10) Alarm Clock
The first awakening device in human history, also known as “Plato’s Alarm Clock,” was a contribution of the famous philosopher and bears his name. This genius device worked with water.
9) Flying Machine
According to the Smithsonian, the “Pigeon” of Archytas was a wooden bird that could flap its wings and fly (up to two hundred meters), powered by some sort of compressed air or internal steam engine. Archytas created the artificial bird to study what gives birds the ability to fly and ended up accidentally giving to the world the first flying machine in history.
8) Vending Machine
Vending machines might look like modern marvels, but they are actually pretty old. Greek inventor Hero of Alexandria made one around 215 B.C. which dispensed holy water to temple worshipers. A coin was dropped into a slot and came to rest on a metal pan, where its weight pushed the pan down to open a valve and dispense water. Once the coin’s weight made the pan tilt at a severe angle, the coin would slide off and return the pan to an upright position, shutting the valve off.
The original technology behind the thermometer is quite old, dating back almost two thousand years. It was the Greeks of Alexandria who first figured out how air expands when exposed to high temperatures. It was Philo of Byzantium who first applied this technique to determine air temperature, and Galileo later improved on it by introducing the concept of a “scale” to quantify the process.
6) Classical Architecture
Greek architects created the three major architectural orders of antiquity (Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian) that continue to influence the world to this day. Greek architecture provided not only many of the staple features of modern Western architecture, but has also given the world magnificent buildings which have literally stood the test of time and continue to inspire admiration, the Parthenon being a prime example.
The city-state of Athens is where theater was born. It was part of a broader culture of theatricality and performance in classical Greece that included festivals, religious rituals, athletics, music, poetry, weddings, and even funerals. In fact, even the word theater is derived from the Greek word théatron, which means “a place for viewing.”
What is known as “the automatic servant of Philon” was the first operating robot. It was a human-like robot in the form of a maid that held a jug of wine in her right hand. When the visitor placed a cup in the palm of her left hand, she automatically poured wine and then poured water into the cup, mixing it when desired.
3) Western Philosophy
Arguably the three most famous, influential philosophers of all time; Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, are widely considered the fathers of Western philosophy and freethinking. Even the term philosophy derives from the Greek word φιλοσοφία (philosophia), which was probably first coined by Pythagoras and means “love of wisdom” or “friend of wisdom.” Through philosophy the Greeks became the first people in recorded history to try to interpret the world, nature, reality, and existence from a human perspective.
2) The First Analog Computer/Calculator
Okay, we admit we might be stretching it a little by calling “the Antikythera mechanism” an analog computer, but the fact remains that it is the earliest preserved portable astronomical calculator in recorded history. It could display the positions of the sun, the moon, and most probably the four planets besides Earth known to antiquity: Mercury, Venus, Mars, and Jupiter. It was also used to predict solar and lunar eclipses and kept an accurate calendar of many years.
According to some historians, logic is an even more important ancient Greek contribution than philosophy. Logic was first developed by Aristotle. Aristotelian logic became widely accepted in science and mathematics and remained in wide use in most parts of the world until the early nineteenth century. Aristotle’s system of logic was responsible for the introduction of hypothetical syllogism, temporal modal logic, and inductive logic, as well as influential terms such as terms, predicables, syllogisms, and propositions.